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Nelson Mandela

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Rosa Parks

Frederick Douglass Malcolm X Ben Carson




 Celebrating Black History 365




                                Some people dream of success while others wake up and work hard at it!




Since  December 1999:


Visits to this page





A Salute to Black History




Understanding Wisdom And FOREVER Appreciating The Past

Dr. Alice Tyler Milton


~ Associate Dean of Business and Information Technologies Division ~

 ~ Acting Director of the Small Business Center ~

 ~ College Webmaster/BlackBoard/Tegrity Administrator ~


Below are links that will enrich your knowledge of the past, present, selfless contributions made by just a FEW of our MANY great African Americans.  As you read the wealth of information on this page, think about how our world would be today without the selfless contributions and what we have learned from the good and the bad.  Also, recognize the unbending focus and intensity of their efforts despite repeated rejections and unfulfilled expectations.


We must continue to remember and respect our heritage (even thou one might not agree with the actions of some--it is still history) by never saying good-bye to yesterday, for we are still standing on their shoulders—yesterday made our present possible . . .




Click the picture for detailed information.


Know Your Historical Contributions -- SOME Influential Blacks

Click on the Mixture of Pictures to Learn More . . .



Malcolm X



Martin Luther King, Jr.

Rev. James Cleveland

Langston Hughes

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Johnnie Taylor

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Maya Angelou

Florence Joyner

Alice Walker

Ronald McNair

Nelson Mandela

Frederick Douglass

Jessie Jackson

George Washington Carver


Mae Jemison

Booker T. Washington

Donnie McClurkin

Jackie Robinson

Hank Aaron

Arthur Ashe

Quincy Jones

Harriet Tubman

Shirley Caesar Picture

Tom Joyner

Ben Carson

Madame C. J. Walker

Dred Scott



Bill Cosby

[Richard Pryor]

Chuck Berry

Serena and Venus Williams

Toni Morrison

Carl B. Stokes

Nikki Giovanni

Opray Winfrey

Michael Jordan

W.E.B. Dubois

bw photo of Harris

Shirley Chisholm

Hansberry Photo

Photo of Redd Foxx

Zora Neale Hurston

Image: Sifford

William H. Gray, III

Tavis Smiley

Changing Lanes

Return to Ray's Intro Page

Picture of Colin L. Powell

Elijah Muhammad

Guion Bluford (NASA Photo S92-48766)

Charles Houston

Dr. Leonard Jeffries
Ben Jochannan

SBA: Study

Artur Davis

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Sachtel Paige playing baseball for the Negro Leagues in a New York Times Photo

Gregory Hines

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Maurice F. Rabb, Jr.

Lloyd Augustus Hall

Condoleezza Rice
Kenneth B. Clark & Mamie Phipps Clark
Barack Obama
A.G. Gaston - African-American Trailblazer
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient James Leonard Farmer Jr., Civil Rights Leader Donn Alvin Clendenon
Molefi Kete Asante
Bessie Coleman (1892-1926) Bennie Thompson Clarence Thomas Bishop Payne. Fronticepiece of Recollections of Seventy Years
Portrait of Dr. Thomas A. Dorsey
Roy Innis Thelonious Monk, foreground, performing at Expo 67 in Montreal. (Credit: Library and Archives Canada)
Ron Dellums Herbie Hancock Quartet at the Round House, Camden image 1 Dick Gregory in 1964
Ahmad Jamal performing with bassist James Cammack. Kweisi Mfume
Janet Bragg Holmes (right) and Charlayne Hunter (left) en route to registrar's office
Toussaint L'Ouverture

Susie King Taylor
William Lucy Portrait of Morris Brown
 APWU President William Burrus Joe Louis

Paul Laurence Dunbar photo Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient Sergeant William H. Carney, C.M.H. Doug Williams
Harold Washington

David Dinkins Wyatt Tee Walker
Betty Smith Williams, DrPH, RN, FAAN Picture of Frances E. Ashe-Goins, R.N., M.P.H.
Photo of Dr. Richard Allen Nurse, author and scholar M. Elizabeth Carnegie broke color barriers.
faculty photo Picture of William Warrick Cardozo
Sherrie Hinz, RN, EMSRN
Eddie Bernice Johnson, Proudly Representing the 30th District of Texas Picture of Comer Cottrell Jr.

Robert C. Weaver

photo: Johnetta B. Cole
Frankie Lymon performing "Goody, Goody" on Toast of the Town circa 1958.
Nina Simone in 1969. The photo by Jack Robinson was used as the cover of Simone's posthumous compilation album Forever Young, Gifted & Black.   Ernest Everett Just 
Benjamin Todd Jealous Etta James performing in 1990
    Dr. Jeanne Spurlock   
Image of Dionne
ErnieDavis.jpg NASA Photo: Frederick Gregory Charlayne Hunter-Gault.JPG     


The First African American President of the United States

Obama  Obama  Obama  Obama

Yes, We Can!! 

Obama - Family  Obama - Daughter1    Michelle Obama  Obama Daughter2  Obama - Family

Yes We Can -- By:  Will-I-Am - MP3

What A Wonderful World - PPT

Mr. President - PDF

A Tribute to Obama -- Simply Beautiful - PDF

Obama Calendar - PPT

President-Elect Barack Obama Headlines

World-Wide Leaders Congratulate President Elect

A Look At Our President - Chicago SunTimes

Click here: Barack Obama's slideshow on Flickr  - November 4, 2008

    A Salute to President-Elect Barack Obama 

By: Dr. Alice Tyler Milton - Music By:  Will-I-Am



"We aren't what we ought to be.  We aren't what we are going to be. 

We aren't what we want to be.

But, thank God, we aren't what we were . . ."

Continue to Register to Vote

Democratic Convention


Who Is The Man Barack Obama And Where Did He Come From


Obama's Song 2008

Hope And Vote

Signed, Sealed, And Delivered


A View From The Mountaintop

Obama - In Detail

Robert Kennedy's Prediction

Amazing: Obama Helped Stranded Stranger 20 Years Ago


Obama's Victory Speech


Our Beautiful First Lady--Michelle 



PRESIDENT OBAMA BARACK - 44th President of the United States - 2009

Theme:  Renewing America's Promise



View The White House - A Change Has Come







Inauguration Day 2009 - I


Inauguration Day 2009 - II


Inauguration Day 2009 - III


Videos Inauguration Festivities in DC Inauguration Performers
The Obama Watch The Obama Presidency Inauguration Schedule
  More Inauguration News  





Obama's Inaugural Address




Sign Up for Service Today - Get Involved


Barack Brings Example for Young Black Men


What Dr. Martin Luther King Would Say


Words From Dr. Martin Luther King's Sister - Christine King Farris




Inauguration--Headlines - PPT





President Barack Obama's Inaugural Address (FULL)


Obama Takes Historic Oath


Aretha Franklin Sings During Inaugural Ceremonies


Barack & Michelle Obama's First Dance At Neighborhood Ball (With Beyonce Singing "At Last")



President Obama Does "The Bump"


Do the "Obama Hustle"!


The "Obama Hustle" (Part 2)!


Martin Luther King Jr.'s Prediction About Barack Obama's Presidency - (This is Amazing!)


Obama: "A Change is Gonna Come"


MLK Oratory Winner: Gerra Gistand

What Would Dr. King Say



"Where We're Going"


We Are The Ones Song By: - Obama




First Easter Egg Hunt


Michelle:  Women of Excellence

African Americans in the White House--The Root

Media with Sound


2010 State of the Union Address - Video

"Despite our hardships, our union is strong," President Obama said during the State of the Union address Wednesday, on Capitol Hill in Washington.   

2010 State of the Union Address - Text


First African American United States Attorney General

Eric Himpton Holder, Jr.




When We Work Together--What A Beautiful Thing!

"Stand By Me"





Michael Jackson 


 - MJJ Program
Memorial Keepsakes
 - Videos
Overview of Michael
 - Photos (Slideshow)


 News - 1
News - 2
 News - 3
News - 4


The Haiti Earthquake of 2010

A Love Song for Haiti

How to Contribute




On January 12, 2010, the worst earthquake in 200 years - 7.0 in magnitude - struck less than ten miles from the Caribbean city of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The initial quake was later followed by twelve aftershocks greater than magnitude 5.0. Structures of all kinds were damaged or collapsed, from shantytown homes to national landmarks. At the present (February 1, 2010), the Haitian earthquake caused an estimated 250,000 fatalities—and disease, starvation and lack of medical care could push the death toll higher.


18th annual Patricia Roberts Harris Lecture - Senator Edward Brooke III: HU Stream - 2007




Click Here for Memorial Program of Bernard Jeffery McCullough - "Bernie Mac"



Click Here for Overview of Life






Other African Americans Gone But Not Forgotten (2009-2010)


Click for Teddy Pendergrass' Obituary


Overview Teddy Pendergrass



Other African Americans Gone But Not Forgotten (2003 - 2008)


Gone But Not Forgotten - 2003 - 2008





Russell Williams II


Won 2 Oscars. Another 2 wins & 3 nominations



Vivien Theodore Thomas  The Blue Baby Syndrome - Vivien Thomas


Black U. S. Marshals


Robert Moore

CEO/Executive Recruiter, Robert Moore Associates




Jack and Christine Hadley


Jack Hadley Black History Museum



How To Teach Black History


Compliments of Pine Mountain School District in California - 5th Graders







Black Indians




The National Convention of Gospel Choirs and Choruses





First Two Black NFL Coaches To Compete At The Super Bowl




Lovie Smith - Chicago Bears


Tony Dungy - Indianapolis Colts


Winner of 2007 Super Bowl


Read Story





Coffeerooms ~ Get Real

Ruben Studdard - Singing:  "Flying Without Wings"



Fantasia - Singing "Total Praise"

Even Angels




Jennifer Hudson





A Salute to Coretta Scott King - A Virtuous Woman


Coretta Scott King's Obituary






A Salute to Martin Luther King--Stop the Violence







The King's First Grandchild


Yolanda Renee King - Born May 25, 2008





  BeBe & CeCe Winans



A Salute To Black Gospel







Start At An Early Age -- "Nobody But You Lord"





Sunday Best Season Two


View Some of the Competition



  Y'Anna Crawley - Season 2                                                                            Crystal Aikin - Season 1










International Civil Rights Museum - Greensboro, North Carolina

National Civil Rights Museum - Memphis, Tennessee


Alabama Civil Rights Museum - Montgomery, Alabama

Birmingham Civil Rights Museum - Birmingham, Alabama

Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum - Savannah, Georgia



    A Salute to President-Elect Barack Obama      



Black Entertainers - A Tribute to Past and Present









World War II African American Veterans








A Salute to Ray Charles






A Salute to the First Black Nurses




Tennessee Historic State Parks


T. O. Fuller State Park   -   Fort Pillow State Park   -   Booker T. Washington State Park





Georgia's Black Revolutionary Patriots


By:  Carole E. Scott





Inventors of Yesterday - A Salute of HBCUs


The United Negro College Fund


Inventors I    -    Inventors II    -    Inventors III    -    Inventors IV





National Association for the Advancement of Colored People










The Negro Motorist Green Book








How To Develop and Protect Your Inventions





Hebni Nutrition Consultants, Inc.

"Soul food is part of our tradition, our makeup and our lifestyle;

and it's not going to go away.  It just needed a face lift."











Anthony D. Allen



In 1810 or 1811, Anthony D. Allen, a former slave of the Dougal family, came to the island of O`ahu from Schenectady, New York where he was born in 1774. He became a free man at the age of 24 in 1798 and spent the next twelve years at sea. Allen is on record as owning property in Waikiki in 1811.










The African American on the Titantic




     There was a Haitian on the Titantic.  His uncle was President of Haiti.  Joseph Phillippe Lemercier Laroche was the only black man, a Haitian man, to perish in the Titanic; that's after he saved his wife and kids. Laroche was born in Cap Haitian, Haiti , on May 26, 1889.
     The silence about the stranger-than-fiction life story of the Titanic's only Black passenger astonishes noted Titanic historian Judith Geller, author of Titanic: Women and Children First, who said, "It is strange that nowhere in the copious 1912 press descriptions of the ship and the interviews with the survivors was the presence of a Black family among the passengers ever mentioned."

     The story of this interracial family was not known until 2000, three years after the movie's release, when the Chicago Museum of Science & Industry and the Titanic Historical Society revealed the information as part of a Titanic exhibit.  Joseph Laroche was born into a powerful family. His uncle, Dessalines M. Cincinnatus Leconte, was the president of Haiti . When Joseph Phillippe Lemercier was fifteen, he left Haiti to study engineering in Beauvais, France. Several years later, he met Juliette Lafargue, the 22-year-old daughter of a local wine seller. The two eventually married..
     Despite having an engineering degree, Joseph's skin color left him unable to find employment in France. The Laroches decided to return to Haiti and booked second-class reservations on the Titanic. After the ship struck an iceberg, Joseph loaded his wife and children onto a lifeboat and he went down with the ship. His body was never recovered.  Shortly before Christmas of that year, Juliette Laroche gave birth to their son, Joseph Laroche, Jr.  Juliette never remarried.

Read More . . .









First African American Pilot


Click the Images




Eugene Jacques Bullard

First African-American enlisted pilot, Eugene Bullard





1st Lt. Lee Rayford, 99th Fighter Squadron


African Americans and World War II




All African American United States Naval Crew During WWII


African American United States Marines During WWII




African American and the United States Army



African American and the United States Air Force




Benjamin O Davis







Tuskegee Airmen







"Tuskegee Airmen Were Not Just Pilots"








Tuskegee Top Gun








Rosenwald School Building Program








Milestones in African American Education


Iron Hill School - One Room School







Honors and Awards

RMedal.jpg (17964 bytes)   

George Washington Carver was bestowed an honorary doctorate from Simpson College in 1928. He was an honorary member of the Royal Society of Arts in London, England. In 1923, he received the Spingarn Medal given every year by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In 1939, he received the Roosevelt Medal for restoring southern agriculture. On July 14, 1943, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt honored Carver with a national monument dedicated to his accomplishments. The area of Carver's childhood near Diamond Grove, Missouri preserved as a park, this park was the first designated national monument to an African American in the United States.

How many African Americans won the Roosevelt Medal?

George Washington Carver - 1939

Martha Berry - 1929






African American First . . .


More African American First . . .





Albert W. Johnson:  GM's First Black Franchise Owner



Albert Johnson began his career selling cars door to door (out of a briefcase) and then to become General Motors' first African-American franchise owner.







The HBCUs in the United States - Web Sites






Harlem Globetrotters











The UniverSoul Circus









The Amos 'N Andy Show



The Amos and Andy Controversy!                   

                                Get an Overview                                                  Watch Videos of the Show



The Amos and Andy TV Show was the first all-Black cast TV show.  The show aired on CBS TV network from 1951 to 1953.  The show was the only place on TV where you could see "Black" people in roles other than maids or porters.





Hip Hop Music











The Black Tennis Foundation



71 Year Old Diva - Ernestine Shepherd!

Photos:  Ericka Blount Danois | Special to The Sun









African American Greek Organizations
















Tom Joyner Morning Show



The Association for the Study of African American Life and History



Tavis Smiley

Tavis Smiley Talks





African American News







Black Caucus of the American Library Association (BCALA)


The Conference is in Birmingham, Alabama - 2010




Black Caucus of the American Library Association (BCALA) has continued to be an integral part of the library literature during the thirty-five year history of the organization. As the organization has grown, so too has the amount of literature. The heading “Black caucus” was first indexed in Library Literature in 1970. Listed under that heading were six articles: two on segregation, three on the caucus, and an article about the concern for Black librarians. Today, about one hundred articles can be found within electronic databases and references. The following bibliography is a brief historical overview of what has been written about BCALA since 1970.




Black Shopping Channel




African American Students News





African American Magazines - Ebony and Jet - Present Magazines









Past Magazines:  Johnson Publishing  Company has partnered with Google to digitize its magazine archives. If you're a "Jet " and "Ebony" fan from back in the day, just click on  a  desired decade, choose a magazine:
Ebony - Google Book Search
Jet - Google Book Search
Black World/Negro Digest - Google Book Search





African American Magazine - Essence








African American Magazine - Black Enterprise







Some of The Richest African Americans




  • Oprah Winfrey - Net Worth 2.7 Billion - (Only Billionaire for 2009)








The Murder of Emmitt Louis Till - Place:  Money, Mississippi


Link 1     Link 2     Link 3     Link 4




The Greensboro Four sit at a Woolworth’s lunch counter on February 1, 1960, as a Woolworth’s employee works behind the counter.



The Greensboro Four -- Sit In




Little Rock Nine





Black Vintage Films





The United States Military Academy at West Point First Two Black Females


Joy (Dallas) Eicheiman and Priscilla (Walker) Locke




FBI photographs of Andrew Goodman, James Earl Chaney, and Michael Schwerner


The Murders of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner




First Totally Black Owned Search Engine





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The Sixteenth Street Bombing - Place:  Birmingham, Alabama




Willie Lynch Letter:  The Making Of A Slave




The Rosewood Massacre

A black and white photograph of ashes from a burned building with several people standing nearby; trees in the distance     A black and white photograph of an older black woman seated for her portrait; behind her is a young black male and at her side is a younger black female all well-dressed as if for church     A black and white photograph of a crude wooden structure that could be a small shed, animal house, or hunting cabin with smoke pouring from it and flames visible in the door

The Rosewood Report


Remembering Rosewood - Part I


Remembering Rosewood - Part II


The Era of Idi Amin









Apollo Theater - Many Entertainers Were Discovered




Points Theatre - Empowerment Through Edutainment - The famous historian, Arnold Toynbee, once commented, "When we classify mankind by color, the only primary race that has not made a creative contribution to any civilization is the Black race."  For 15 years and 2,500 performances, "1001 Inventions" has been an unusually funny antidote for this gross misconception.





Find Your Family Roots


Remembering the people important to our lives.




Roland L. Freeman - The Group for Cultural Documentation





Verizon Foundation - Free Black History Lesson Plans and Other Educational Resources





The Myths, The Facts, The Stereotypes--The Realities

Click On The Picture Below




Become A Member Of:




Quick Links


Piney Woods Country Life School, Mississippi

African American Web Connections

The Internet African American History Challenge

Black News

Civil Rights Movement

CNN Black History

Black Facts

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History

Exploring African-American History

Condoleezza Rice

First Totally Black Owned Search Engine

Philly Celebrating Black History

A Black History Treasure Hunt

African American Poetry

Black History Calendar

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

Confederate Flag Controversy

The Walk in Selma, Alabama

AT & T Black History

History and Heritage

Did You Know . . .

Social Studies School Service

Black History Facts

Celebrate Black History Month

Africa's Most Honored Scientist and Inventor

Biography Celebrates Black History

Black History

Sojourner Truth

Atlantic Monthly--Black History

Milestones in African-American Education

Learning Network/Black History

African American Inventors

Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites

Civil Rights Institute - Birmingham Alabama

Maya Angelou--Biography/Poems

African-Americans By The Number

Seacoast Black History

HBCU Grants/Scholarships/Research/Ivy League Schools, etc.

African-American History Challenge

Black History Hotlist

Black History.Com

Black History for Kids

Black Sports

Medal of Honor for Extraordinary Heroism

The Bi-Centennial of Haiti 

Haitian Revolution












Martin Luther King's Six Principles of Nonviolence

Principle One - Nonviolence is a Way of Life for Courageous People

Principle Two - The Beloved Community is the Goal

Principle Three - Attack Forces of Evil, Not Persons doing Evil

Principle Four - Accept Suffering without Retaliation for the Sake of the Cause

Principle Five - Avoid Internal Violence of the Spirit as well as External Physical Violence

Principle Six - The Universe is on the side of Justice








MLK   Famous Quotes . . .


Famous Quotes ~ Martin Luther King, Jr.: 




"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."






"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."



"Our nettlesome task is to discover how to organize our strength into compelling power."


"A man who won't die for something is not fit to live."






"If a man is called to be a streetsweeper, he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted, or Beethoven composed music, or Shakespeare wrote poetry. He should sweep streets so well that all the host of heaven and earth will pause to say, here lived a great streetsweeper who did his job well."






"Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter."






"There is nothing more dangerous than to build a society, with a large segment of people in that society, who feel that they have no stake in it; who feel that they have nothing to lose. People who have a stake in their society, protect that society, but when they don't have it, they unconsciously want to destroy it."






"Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is both impractical and immoral. It is impractical because it is a descending spiral ending in destruction for all. It is immoral because it seeks to humiliate the opponent rather than win his understanding; it seeks to annihilate rather than to convert. Violence is immoral because it thrives on hatred rather than love."






 “Nothing in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.”






"I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become reality. I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word."






                                                                      Tavis Smiley

       Tavis Smiley


Famous Quotes ~ Tavis Smiley - "Remember the five "B's": 




"When your opportunity comes."




"You will never be a success trying to transcend who you are.  You have to embrace   

yourself, including your Blackness." 




"Learn to think critically for yourself."




"Your generation, in many respects has it all twisted, it ain't about the ice and the bling-bling, it's about being a servant.  Cornel West put it this way; you can't lead the people if you don't love the people.  And you can't save the people if you don't serve the people."




"Because the toes you step on today may be connected to the behind you have to kiss tomorrow."










Famous Quotes









Susan L. Taylor










"In every crisis there is a message. Crises are nature's way of forcing change--breaking down old structures, shaking loose negative habits so that something new and better can take their place."




 MADAME C. J. WALKER -- "I had to make my own living and my own opportunity--Don't sit down and wait for the opportunities to come; you have to get up and make them."







DR. CHARLES H. EPPS, JR.  (Howard University)

“I don’t consider myself brilliant, but I learned that I could work as hard as anybody to achieve what I wanted to achieve. I was willing to go without the latest jacket, sneakers or whatever. It is more important TO GET A GOOD EDUCATION.”


























Picture of Colin L. Powell










"There are no secrets to success: Don't waste time looking for them. Success is the result of perfection, hard work, learning from failure, loyalty to those for whom you work, and persistence."






Muhammad Ali


"Champions aren't made in gyms. Champions are made from something they have deep inside them--a desire, a dream, a vision. They have to have last-minute stamina, they have to be a little faster, they have to have the skill, and the will. But the will must be stronger than the skill."




"How far you go in life depends on your being tender with the young, compas-sionate with the aged, sympathetic with the striving, and tolerant of the weak and the strong. Because some day in life you will have been all of these."















"And now, Lord, in the complex arena of human relations, help us to make choices on the side of love, not hate; on the side of inclusion, not exclusion; tolerance, not intolerance.."





"No person is your friend who demands your silence, or denies your right to grow."










BOOKER T. WASHINGTON  "One cannot hold another down in the ditch without staying down in the ditch with him."



















"Excellence is the name of the game no matter what color or what country you're from. If you are the best at what you're doing, then you have my admiration and respect."




Thurgood Marshall


"A man can make what he wants of himself if he truly believes that he must be ready for hard work and many heartbreaks."





More African American Quotes



















African Americans Entertainers . . .




Al Green

Jeffrey Osborne

Ashford and Simpson

Fred Hammond

Wilson Pickett

Yolanda Adams

Steve Harvey

The Platters

Louis Armstrong

Isaac Hayes

Leontyne Price

Pearl Bailey

Jimi Hendrix

Lou Rawls

Anita Baker

Z. Z. Hill

Otis Redding


Billie Holliday

Minnie Ripperton

Be Be Winans

Lena Horne

Marvin Sapp

Black Gospels

Cissy Houston


Bobby Blue Bland

Whitney Houston


James Brown

The Isley Brothers

Smokey Robinson

Shirley Caesar

Mahalia Jackson

Micah Stampley

Kurt Carr

Michael Jackson 

The Staples Singers

Ray Charles

The Jackson 5

Johnny Taylor

Ce Ce Winans

Etta James

KoKo Taylor

Chubby Checker

Alicia Keys


The Clark Sisters

Chaka Khan

Carolyn Traylor

Cotton Club

B. B. King

Chris Tucker

Natalie Cole

Gladys Knight

Tina Turner

Nat King Cole 

Evelyn "Champagne" King

Luther Vandross  


Beyonce' Knowles

Sarah Vaughan

Sam Cooke

Pattie LaBelle

Hezekiah Walker

Andrae Crouch

Queen Latifah

Dionne Warrick

Sammy Davis Jr.

Gerald Levert

Ethel Waters

Fats Domino

Left Eye Lopes

The Whispers

Earth, Wind, and Fire

Malaco Records

Barry White


Hattie McDaniels

The Williams Brothers

Duke Ellington

Mary Mary

Flip Wilson

Missy Elliott


Jackie Wilson

Aretha Franklin

Dorothy Moore

Vickie Winans

Kirk Franklin


Stevie Wonder

Marvin Gaye

Smokie Norful

Alfre Woodard

Larry Graham

The Ojays

Timothy Wright




ETC . . .